There have been a number of offshoots of the Roman Catholic religion. Many of the founders of these churches believed Rome was ignoring scripture from the Bible. When their protests went unanswered, they often formed their own churches that grew into separate denominations. The first of these was the Lutheran Church. Its basic theology is the based on the Christian Bible, but also adds the teachings of Martin Luther, a Roman Catholic monk. Luther believed the Church had strayed far from the teachings of Christ.
Luther posted his ninety-five Theses with the Catholic Church in hopes the church would return to scripture based practices. When the Church refused to enact reforms, Luther's followers broke away from the church and formed the Lutheran sect. It flourished and eventually spread to many countries around the world. The Lutherans have their own churches and administrators to run them. Today, they are the largest denomination of Protestant churches around the world.